Respecting commitments made at their Hangzhou summit in September, G20 members are not raising new barriers to investment, according to a joint report released on Thursday by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
According to the report, nine G20 Members introduced policy measures on foreign direct investment (FDI) for the period mid-May to mid-October 2016.
Of these, six G20 Members took liberalizing measures. Argentina, India, and Saudi Arabia took liberalization measures in a variety of sectors. China and the United States eased approval or review requirements for foreign investors. Mexico clarified the meaning of certain rules on foreign investment.
Three G20 Members took regulatory or restrictive measures. Two G20 member’s territorial sub-divisions, Australia and Canada, introduced new fees and taxes relating to the acquisition of residential real estate in areas with overheated housing markets. Brazil reversed a liberalization measure that it had taken just prior to the current reporting period.
In the same period, three G20 members – Canada, Japan, Turkey – concluded four bilateral investment treaties (BITs). The European Union and its member States concluded one other international investment agreement with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) of which South Africa is a member. One G20 member – Indonesia – terminated a BIT.
The report cautions that despite the encouraging findings overall, multiple restrictions on international investment remain in many sectors in G20 Members. These restrictions are either explicit in rules or more implicit through the application of discretionary policies.
If G20 governments wish to keep their pledge to build an open world economy, reject protectionism, and facilitate global investment, then they should review whether existing restrictions on foreign investment can be further reduced, the report finds.
In September, G20 leaders – representing over two thirds of global foreign direct investment – adopted the Guiding Principles for Investment Policymaking. The guidelines aim to promote a better, more coherent policy environment at the global level and to promote foreign direct investment for inclusive economic growth and sustainable development.